Shal0m-shalom, peace in the name of Yeshua. This is Crystal Sharpe and welcome to the Ancient Scrolls program. Today is the first day of the week, Sunday September 30th.
So, for several weeks we have been going over the feasts of the Lord: Yom Teruah which some call it rosh Hashanah was September the 9th, and today we are going over Yom kippur which was September 18; but today, it just so happens, we are now on the 7th day, which is the last day, of the feast of Tabernacles/Sukkot.
This last day, or 7th day is called Hoshanah Rabbah. We would translate it as the Great Salvation. It is a climatic day of praise to the Lord, the day on which the heavenly decrees made on Yom Teruah; and sealed on Yom Kippur are actually sent out to be fulfilled on this day, this 7th day of hoShanah Rabbah.
–Yom Teruah Judgment is rendered
–Yom Kippur Judgment is sealed
–Hoshanah Rabbah Judgment is delivered
After today the world will begin to witness the judgments on Yom Teruah.
Hoshanah Rabbah is the last day of the Lord’s feast of Tabernacles/Sukkot. The apostle John gives us an account of this in John 7:37
On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying: If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said: out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.
- But his He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.
That is all I am going to say concerning Hoshanah Rabbah right now.
This evening this feast ends and the Lord’s feast of Shemini Atzeret, which is the eighth day begins and this day represents eternity. This feast is fulfilled in Revelation 21 where it says: Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away.
And John sees the holy Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride for her husband. This is the day when our hearts will be circumcised and His laws will be written on the tablets of our hearts. That is all I will say about that also. And instead today we will focus on Yom Kippur which we call the Day of Atonement, and I will point out some passages in Revelation that I think may reflect this feast.
We thank You for being God, for being the King of the universe over heaven and earth. The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof; the world and those who dwell therein. The joy of the Lord is my strength.
The shema proclamation:
Shema, O America, the Lord our God, the LORD is one. You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your strength.
I ask You to cleanse me from all unrighteousness so my prayers will not be hindered.
We ask You to send Your Spirit of repentance on this nation, we pray for a return to You and to Your word. Next month is the high holiday of Halloween. We pray that fear, confusion, and chaos will saturate those that love the darkness. We pray fear will pursue them until they repent. We pray You will expose the works of darkness, and not just expose it, but to bring justice also.
We ask You to push back principalities, powers, rulers of darkness and spiritual wickedness in high places. We pray that Your righteousness and justice will prevail over the darkness in our Congress, the Senate, Supreme court, our agencies, our education system, corporations, the military, and bank establishments. We are praying that You would repeal abortion which is murder, and we are asking that You deal with those who support murder. I know it makes many people rich, but You said we are worth more than many sparrows.
We pray against the curse of drug addiction, we pray that You would deliver them who are homosexual, and gender confused. We pray against the sexual sins of adultery, idolatry, fornication, human trafficking, and the curse of madness in this nation.
We pray for president Trump, we pray Your wisdom, knowledge and understanding will saturate him, along with Your Spirit of discernment, might, counsel and the fear of the Lord. We pray Your will, Your purpose, to be done in his life. We are praying that You will establish President Trump’s ways. We pray You will protect his rising up and lying down, his coming in and going out, that You would protect him in the city and in the field.
We pray for Israel, that You would saturate them with Your Spirit of repentance. We pray against evil politicians that seek to divide Your land. We ask that the nation will receive Yeshua as their Messiah. Take the stony places out of their hearts and give them hearts of flesh. We pray for their protection as You know the nations conspire to destroy them.
We bless You, Father; Your name is above every name, above every situation. We praise Your name. In Yeshua’s name. Amen.
The Lord’s feast of Yom Kippur, which our versions translate it to the Day of Atonement, comes 10 days after the feast of Yom Teruah; ten days after the new moon cycle, the 10th of the month. Yom Kippur is known as the holiest day of the year. It was the only day of the year that the Cohen haGadol which is Hebrew for the High Priest could go into the holy of holies. The Cohen originated from the Levitical tribe, the lineage of Aaron which was Moses’ or Moshe’s brother.
Let us look at the passage in Leviticus 23:26
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy rehearsal for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God. For any person who is not afflicted in soul on that same day shall be cut off from his people.
And any person who does any work on that same day, that person, I will destroy from among his people. You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever through your generations in all your dwellings.
It shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your Sabbath.
The sages say that on this day, Moses came down from Mt. Sinai with the second tablets of the ten teachings, or Law.
Remember the first tablets God had written were broken because of the Hebrews committing idolatry in worshiping the Golden Calf.
The tablets of instructions that were broken represented the body of Yeshua being broken, because according to the gospel of John, Yeshua was the Word who was from the beginning.
Moses descending from Mt Sinai with the second tablets signified that God had forgiven them of their idolatry; because of that, God made the day Yom Kippur, an eternal day of forgiveness.
We see in the feasts and the sacrificial system that God established to be pictures, images of His grace. God does not have to excuse us or forgive us—but He provides every opportunity for us to come near Him by repenting of our sins and bringing sacrifices as an atonement. Repentance and grace are continual themes that run throughout the Tanach, and the New Testament.
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, is the day that a goat was offered for all Israel, it was a corporate sacrifice whereas Passover lambs were for individuals. Passover is also a time of reflection and repentance just like Yom Teruah. These were designated times to come near to God, time to deal with sins on individual and corporate levels.
We have to do something about sins, transgressions, iniquities because they affect the earth, our sins curse the earth. We have to put our sins someplace else. In Genesis 3:17, To Adam He said, Because you listened to the voice of your wife and ate of the tree about which I commanded you saying: You shall not eat of it, accursed is the ground because of you; through suffering shall you eat of it all the days of your life.
Because we are made of the earth and are kinsmen to it, our offences against God affect it. So, there are times in the history of Israel they understood this and so at Passover and Yom Teruah they diligently pursued God to be forgiven of their sins. If they were not sincere in their motives, if their behavior would not change, then God would not send the former or latter rains for their crops and fruit trees; this is a curse to not have rain. Rain is required to survive as individuals, as a community and as a nation.
Sin has to be removed from the camp, it has to be exiled far away; and so we see this at the establishment of the Yom Kippur service. Leviticus 16
Thus Aaron shall come into the Holy Place: with the blood of a young bull as a sin offering, and of a ram as a burnt offering. Verse 5. And he shall take from the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats as a sin offering, and one ram as a burnt offering. Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself and for his house.
- And he shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the door of the Tabernacle of meeting. Then Aaron would cast lots for the two goats: one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scape goat. (the scapegoat in Hebrew is Azazel, the KJV translators preferred to use scapegoat. The LORD chose by lot which of the two goats would be sacrificed and which one would be led into the wilderness. To do this there was an urn at the Temple called a Calpi and it held the 2 lots. One had the name l’ Yehovah and the other the name l’ Azazel. The high priest would thrust both hands into the urn and withdraw them with one lot in each hand. He would then lay each lot on the head of each goat. It was thought an excellent omen if the lot that bore L’ Jehovah would show up in the right hand; the right hand signifying God’s right hand of favor.
- And Aaron shall bring the goat on which the LORD’s lot fell and offer it as a sin offering.
- But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go into the wilderness.
A couple of week ago I read the Books of Enoch again because Azazel is the name of the one of the several fallen angels that descended upon Mt Hermon, these were the angels that came into the daughters of men, and had children by them. The goat the LORD chose to send into the wilderness was called Azazel. Our translations would interpret Azazel to mean “scapegoat.” Azazel is difficult to define. There is no clear or official translation of the word.
In modern Hebrew Azazel means “Hell” but modern Hebrew is not necessarily an accurate reflection of what the Torah means. The Torah is an ancient text and over the centuries meanings or definitions change, because our languages are rather fluid and over time words can be redefined.
There is an ancient Hebrew teaching that calls this goat a “a gift to Samael.” And a medieval Torah commentator, Ramban, taught this gift is not a gift at all, but a bribe. Somehow this gift is supposed to convince this evil entity that these people have indeed gotten rid of their sins and they are clean for the year. At the very best it involves taking all the sins and dumping them off somewhere in another place, it is like an exiling of our sins, our sins are exiled.
What I took a way from this view is that in the Garden of Eden the man and woman belonged to God. Nothing had happened yet to disrupt the harmony and unity between them and God. They were rulers of this kingdom, the earth. As it happened, the word tells us is that they had eaten from the tree of dysfunction, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. These people could not cast off or exile what now has entered as a seed, like venom, or like a virus into their beings.
This allowed the author of the tree of knowledge to become their rulers. The idea is to buy back human kind from that evil ruler, so there is this trade that developed that we understand as “life for life.”
In the sacrificial system an innocent animal is traded for us; it dies and we live. Evil in us is traded for the life that existed in the animal, it takes our place. This is the same imagery of Yeshua going to the cross for us. He was the sacrifice, an innocent party, who made a decision to take our place, life for life, the trade of our spiritual death for His spiritual life. He purchased us from the clutches of the evil ruler. When we receive Yeshua we receive life, and when we follow our evil inclinations, we follow the Evil One, Satan, and he leads us to certain death.
There is more to be said on the service of Yom Kippur and I am going to just over one more program on Yom Kippur and point out some passages on it in Revelation.
I am at the end of the program.
If it is God’s will I will be here next program. Remember to walk by faith and not by sight. Do two things this week: love and forgive. Ask God to cleanse you from all unrighteousness every day. Keep your spiritual garments clean from spots, wrinkles and blemishes. Love God and love your neighbor.
According to tradition, Yom Kippur falls on the day Moses brought down the second set of Sacred Tablets of the Ten commandments, the first set of which he had destroyed, and the repentant Israelites were absolved of their great sin: worshipping the Golden Calf. Maimonides writes: “It is the day on which the Master of the prophets descended with the second Tablets [ of the Law and brought them the good news that their great sin was forgiven.” It is also said in earlier times the girls would dress in white and they would go out dancing in the vineyards and the young men were permitted to see them dance. So, tradition says it was a time of matchmaking as well.
Today Ashkenazi Jewish men imitate the high priest’s manner of dress when attending yom Kippur service today by wearing a white kittel ( a funerary shroud, reminding us of our morality). White symbolizes purity in Jewish tradition—wedding garments, are traditionally white. The book of Isaiah bears out this symbolic significance God says to His people in Isaiah 1:18 “though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.”